The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of Gender-Bending and Transsexualism by J. Michael BaileyGay. Straight. Or lying. Ita (TM)s as simple and straightforward as black or white, right? Or is there a gray area, where the definitions of sex and gender become blurred or entirely refocused with the deft and practiced use of a surgeona (TM)s knife? For some, the concept of gender a the very idea we have of ourselves as either male or female beings a is neither simple nor straightforward.
Written by cutting-edge researcher and sex expert J. Michael Bailey, The Man Who Would Be Queen is a frankly controversial, intensely poignant, and boldly forthright book about sex and gender. Based on his original research, Baileya (TM)s book is grounded firmly in science. But as he demonstrates, science doesna (TM)t always deliver predictable or even comfortable answers. Indeed, much of what he has to say will be sure to generate as many questions as it does answers.
Are gay men genuinely more feminine than other men? And do they really prefer to be hairdressers rather than lumberjacks? Are all male transsexuals women trapped in mena (TM)s bodies a or are some of them men who are just plain turned on by the idea of becoming a woman? And how much of a role do biology and genetics play in sexual orientation?
But while Baileya (TM)s science is provocative, it is the portraits of the boys and men who struggle with these questions a and often with anger, fear, and hurt feelings a that will move you. You will meet Danny, an eight-year old boy whose favorite game is playing house and who yearns to dress up as a princess for Halloween. And Martin, an expert makeup artist who was plagued by inner turmoil as a youth but is now openly homosexual and has had many men as sex partners. And Kim, a strikingly sexy transsexual who still has a penis and works as a dancer and a call girl for men who like she-males while she awaits sex reassignment surgery.
These and other stories make it clear that there are men a and men who become women a who want only to understand themselves and the society that makes them feel like outsiders. That there are parents, friends, and families that seek answers to confusing and complicated questions. And that there are researchers who hope one day to grasp the very nature of human sexuality. As the striking cover image a a distinctly muscular and obviously male pair of legs posed in a pair of low-heeled pumps a makes clear, the concept of gender, the very idea we have of ourselves as either male or female beings, is neither simple nor straightforward for some.
Mental health in South Korea
Seth Davin Norrholm, Ph. North Korean society has not progressed in generations which has probably affected the general medical and mental health of the population. The current closed sociocultural system in North Korea prevents Western investigators from obtaining a great deal of first-hand knowledge regarding contemporary mental health status and practice in that country today. Information relevant to the characteristics of psychology and psychiatry in North Korea has been gathered from fleeing refugees, from mental health researchers and practitioners who interviewed defectors who transitioned to South Korea, and by observing the effects of Communist political influences e. Following the Russian revolution and the rise of Communism in the early 20 th century, the approach to psychological thought in the newly formed Union of Soviet Socialist Republics USSR can be best described as a suppression of Freudian theory and the championing of biological approaches to mental health 1. Rather, the biologically- and physiologically-based theories of Pavlov and Kraeplin were "declared" as the principle foundations of Soviet psychiatric thinking 3. Mental disorders - including anxiety disorders - were characterized as the result of central nervous system abnormalities or injuries 4.
Receive emails about upcoming NOVA programs and related content, as well as featured reporting about current events through a science lens. She dreams of her former life in North Korea, of swimming the icy waters of the Tumen River, of being captured by traffickers in northern China and subjected to a new set of horrors. She dreams of being stripped naked there and forced to lie on a bed with four other women as a guard examined her bodily cavities, keeping the same unsterilized gloves on to search all five women. She dreams of the darkness of her cell, punctuated by smells of her own excrement and compares it to the black of being kicked unconscious by guards. But she also dreams of release—getting out of prison, swimming the Tumen again, and taking a boat to Seoul, beginning the resettlement process in , two years after her first escape attempt.
We investigated how mental health awareness among North Korean refugees transformed depending on temporal-spatial context changes. In , we conducted interviews with 10 refugees eight women who had been in South Korea for over a year and performed a qualitative analysis of the change in mental health awareness in the differences between living in North Korea, escape a related period of forced sojourn in a third country , and settlement in South Korea. We classified 39 concepts into five main categories. This qualitative study enabled a better multi-dimensional understanding of the social and cultural aspects involved in improving mental health awareness among North Korean refugees in South Korea. It is desirable to integrate mental health as a part of daily life and to expand training for North Korean settlers. It has been almost seventy years since the Korean War occurred and for the Korea peninsula to be separated into South and North.
Mental health issues are prevalent in South Korea , with the second highest suicide rate in the world  and the highest rate of hospitalizations for mental illness among OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Western medicine was first introduced to South Korea by missionary doctors, and led to the transition of mental healthcare from shamanistic healers and traditional Korean medicine to mental hospitals sponsored by the Japanese government, which was occupying Korea, by Missionary hospitals, which tended to be more humane, also existed, but the isolation of patients by government mental hospitals contributed to the development of stigma in Korean society. South Koreans have been found to have comparatively higher levels of internalized stigma , which relates to higher rates of mental illness and more severe symptoms. South Korean law prohibits workplace discrimination based on mental health conditions, but discrimination persists due to the lack of enforcement of such legislation. The universal health coverage as provided by the state means that the majority of South Koreans can afford medicine and treatment for mental illness,  but stigma often discourages people from utilizing their health coverage. Economic hardship during the late s led to a sharp increase in mental illness and suicide in South Korea, as well as almost all other Asian countries that the economic depression affected.