The Holocaust: Timelines by Sean Sheehan
Auschwitz: Drone video of Nazi concentration camp - BBC News
Events in the History of the Holocaust
World War I — devastated Europe and created new countries. The years that followed saw the continent struggle to recover from the death or injury of tens of millions of soldiers and civilians, as well as catastrophic damage to property and industry. In , over 9 million Jews lived in Europe 1. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand precipitates the start of the massive armed conflict in Europe now known as the First World War. Ottoman authorities arrest Armenian leaders in Constantinople and deport them east. He makes the declaration at the Munich beer hall where the aborted coup of began.
Jews are no longer allowed to be German citizens. Jews cannot marry non-Jews. Jews cannot have sexual relations with non-Jews. An order was issued to empty the Warsaw Ghetto and deport the inmates to Treblinka. Following the deportation of some Warsaw Jews, news leaked back to those remaining in the Ghetto of mass killings. A group of about mainly young people decided that they had nothing to lose by resisting deportation. Using weapons smuggled into the Ghetto they fired on German troops who tried to round up inmates for deportation.
This document bears witness to the vast array of bureaucratic stamps and visas needed to emigrate from Europe in — On September 1, , Germany invaded Poland. Over the next year, Nazi Germany and its allies conquered much of Europe. German officials confiscated Jewish property, in many places required Jews to wear identifying armbands, and established ghettos and forced-labor camps. In June , Germany turned on its ally, the Soviet Union. Often drawing on local civilian and police support, Einsatzgruppen mobile killing units followed the German army and carried out mass shootings as it advanced into Soviet lands.
January 30, - Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany a nation with a Jewish population of , February 22, - 40, SA and SS men are sworn in as auxiliary police. February 27, - Nazis burn Reichstag building to create crisis atmosphere. February 28, - Emergency powers granted to Hitler as a result of the Reichstag fire. April 1, - Nazis stage boycott of Jewish shops and businesses. April 11, - Nazis issue a Decree defining a non-Aryan as "anyone descended from non-Aryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents.
President Hindenburg invites Hitler to take the office of Chancellor of Germany, following inconclusive elections. On 27 February the Reichstag Parliament in Berlin is set on fire. Marinus van der Lubbe , a Dutch anarchist, is taken into custody as the arsonist and later executed. It is unclear to this day whether van der Lubbe acted alone, or as part of a group, or whether the Nazis themselves started the fire. The Nazi government exploits the fire to declare a state of emergency.