Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (Author of Anandamath)Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (Bengali: বঙ্কিম চন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায়) (Chattopadhyay in the original Bengali; Chatterjee as spelt by the British) was a Bengali poet, novelist, essayist and journalist, most famous as the author of Vande Mataram or Bande Mataram, that inspired the freedom fighters of India, and was later declared the National Song of India.
Complete works of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (বঙ্কিম রচনাবলী) is now available in this third party website (in Bengali):
Chatterjee is considered as a key figure in literary renaissance of Bengal as well as India. Some of his writings, including novels, essays and commentaries, were a breakaway from traditional verse-oriented Indian writings, and provided an inspiration for authors across India.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
Born into the family of a government official under the British rule of India, he was one of the first two graduates of the University of Calcutta and later obtained a degree in law. He worked in government service for twenty years, often coming into conflict with the authorities. He published his first novel, Kapalkundala, in , and went on to publish more than seventeen romances, historical novels, and essays, as well as several literary journals. A religious reformer, Chattopadhyay believed that true reform could only be achieved through an internal reform of Hinduism , and strove to lay the foundations for a spiritual revival of Bengal. His writings awakened in the Bengalis a spirit of self-confidence and pride in their religion and history. His family was orthodox, and his father was a government official who went on to become the Deputy Collector of Midnapur.
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Bankimchandra Chatterjee or Bankimchandra Chatjee (27 June –8 April ) was an Indian writer, poet and journalist. He was the composer of Vande.
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About the Author
Bankim Chandra was a member of an orthodox Brahman family and was educated at Hooghly College, at Presidency College, Calcutta , and at the University of Calcutta , of which he was one of the first graduates. From , until his retirement in , he served as a deputy magistrate in the Indian civil service. Serial publication was partly responsible for imperfect integration of the various episodes. Evolution of plot depends too frequently on chance or supernatural intervention, and characterization is often subordinated to an overriding didactic purpose. His achievements, however, outweigh these technical imperfections. To his contemporaries his voice was that of a prophet; his valiant Hindu heroes aroused their patriotism and pride of race. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.