Reconstruction Quotes (27 quotes)
Compromise of 1877
Hayes and the End of Reconstruction". Freed slaves who tried to vote were beaten, jailed, lynched. Jim Crow laws and the Ku Klux Klan stopped thousands from registering. Hayes and the abortive efforts by the Hayes Presidential Library to secure federal funding. Taking her cue from the opposition of a St. Louis Congressman Democrat William Clay , Rizzo told the familiar story of Hayes election and its massive negative impact on the results of Reconstruction. According to her, Clay said: "I'm not saying this guy was totally bad.
Reconstruction , in U. Long portrayed by many historians as a time when vindictive Radical Republicans fastened black supremacy upon the defeated Confederacy , Reconstruction has since the late 20th century been viewed more sympathetically as a laudable experiment in interracial democracy. At the national level, new laws and constitutional amendments permanently altered the federal system and the definition of American citizenship. In the South , a politically mobilized black community joined with white allies to bring the Republican Party to power, and with it a redefinition of the responsibilities of government. The national debate over Reconstruction began during the Civil War. In December , less than a year after he issued the Emancipation Proclamation , Pres.
In , the political battle between President Johnson and Congress over southern Reconstruction came to a confrontation. Under the laws of the time, removing Johnson meant that Ben Wade, the president pro tempore of the Senate, would become president. While many considered Johnson to be an inadequate president, he had done nothing to merit removal from office. Johnson believed that everything he did was in the interest of preserving a constitutional government. When Congress passed laws retracting powers granted to the president by the Constitution, Johnson refused to accept them. For example, Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act in , which prohibited the president from removing senate-approved officials without first gaining the consent of the Senate. Stanton, who had been appointed by President Lincoln.
The Reconstruction era was the period in American history which lasted from to It was a significant chapter in the history of American civil rights. The term has two applications: the first applies to the complete history of the entire country from to following the American Civil War ; the second, to the attempted transformation of the 11 former Confederate states from to , as directed by Congress. Reconstruction ended the remnants of Confederate secession and ended slavery, making the newly freed slaves citizens with civil rights ostensibly guaranteed by three new Constitutional amendments. Three visions of Civil War memory appeared during Reconstruction: the reconciliationist vision, which was rooted in coping with the death and devastation the war had brought; the white supremacist vision, which included segregation and the preservation of the traditional cultural standards of the South; and the emancipationist vision, which sought full freedom, citizenship, and Constitutional equality for African Americans. Johnson favored rapid measures to bring the South back into the Union, allowing the Southern states to determine the rights of former slaves. Radical Republicans in Congress sought stronger, federal measures to upgrade the rights of African Americans, including the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution , while curtailing the rights of former Confederates, such as through the provisions of the Wade—Davis Bill.